June 30, 2012
(January 26, 1833–June 29, 1907)
In the south foyer of the Texas State Capitol stand two life-sized statues: one of Sam Houston, the other of Stephen F. Austin. These men helped shape the state of Texas, but their marble likenesses were shaped by the hands of Elisabet Ney—one of the state’s most talented and determined artists.
Ney was born in Prussia in 1833, when ladies were expected merely to dabble in art, certainly not study it as a career. But Ney became the first woman admitted to Munich’s celebrated Academy of Fine Arts to study sculpture. She quickly achieved fame as an artist, traveling through Europe sculpting royalty, politicians, and celebrities.
When the Franco-Prussian War erupted in 1870, Ney and her husband fled to the United States, eventually settling on a plantation near Hempstead, Texas. There, she scandalized her neighbors, wearing bloomers around the plantation grounds and using her maiden name. In Texas, just as in Europe, Ney forged her own path.
In the early 1890s, Elisabet Ney — almost sixty years old — received the commission for the now-famous Capitol statues. She opened a studio in Austin, which became a salon where important Texans discussed art and politics. After Ney’s death in 1907, that studio became a public museum. And in her memory, friends founded the Texas Fine Arts Association—the first organization dedicated to promoting art throughout the state.
Elisabet Ney left a legacy for all Texans—in the statues she carved and in the institutions that honor her.
Elisabet Ney in her atelier in Texas, 1875. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Elisabet_Ney_in_ihrem_Atelier_in_Texas,_1875.jpg
Austin City Connection, “Elisabet Ney Biography,” Elisabet Ney Museum. http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/elisabetney/html/ney_biography.html.
Cutrer, Emily F. “Ney, Elisabet.” Handbook of Texas Online.
Taylor, Bride Neill. Elisabet Ney: Sculptor. New York: Devin-Adair Co., 1916. http://texashistory.unt.edu/permalink/meta-pth-29406:1
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